The word “fascist” has a bad reputation. That’s my conclusion after reading Benito Mussolini’s The Doctrine of Fascism.
In short, fascism is a philosophy that recognizes the importance of the nation state. It believes that the individual can only exist within the confines of a state; therefore, the state must be effective for the individual to be happy. The state should be secular in nature, while maintaining a religious tradition.
That seems logical to me. I never read Mussolini before, but I found his ideas to be very clear. Here are my three takeaways:
Democracy is a Failure When the People Are Ignorant
That’s simple enough. A mass of ignorant people will not produce a stellar democracy; instead, they codify their dysfunction into law:
“Democracy is a kingless regime infested by many kings who are sometimes more exclusive, tyrannical, and destructive than one, even if he be a tyrant…a form of society in which a degenerate mass would have no thought beyond that of enjoying the ignoble pleasures of the vulgar. “
“Fascism is therefore opposed to that form of democracy which equates a nation to the majority…the nation be considered as it should be from the point of view of quality rather than quantity.”
Mussolini is piggy backing on Nietzsche in this regard, who also believed that democracies were doomed to failure. Both men shared a pessimistic (or realistic) view of humanity. On some level, their belief is an extension of Judeo-Christian religions that adhere to the doctrine of original sin, of man’s nature being debased.
When seen through that light, it’s not fascism that is strange—it’s democracy. Democracy is a social experiment that lacks a historical pedigree, an idea that’s foreign to ancient civilizations. The idea that man is inherently noble, that the masses are capable of good…our ancestors scoffed at the idea. Thus, they gave us a blueprint to personal salvation.
Fascism was Opposed to Globalism
Mussolini argues that globalism is a menace:
“…foreign to the spirit of Fascism, even if accepted as useful in meeting special political situations — are all internationalistic or League superstructures which, as history shows, crumble to the ground whenever the heart of nations is deeply stirred by sentimental, idealistic or practical considerations.”
“Fascism denies the materialistic conception of happiness as a possibility, and abandons it to the economists of the mid-eighteenth century.”
The role of international bankers in World War 1 is no longer a conspiracy; most academics now agree on this point. Jewish families like the Rothschilds are well known to have funded both sides of that deadly conflict, creating animosity that bled into World War 2.
Today, a similar same war is being fought. Globalists such as George Soros are currently funding social upheavals around the globe: Open Society Institute, Black Lives Matter, etc. Many people are angered by these movements, yet they do not call themselves “fascists.” Yet the general idea is the same. They believe that the elites do not have their best interests in mind. Moreover, they suspect that the elites might even be trying to do them harm.
3.) Fascism Was Concerned with the Happiness of the Individual
Mussolini was concerned about the well-being of the citizenry.
“The Fascist accepts and loves life; he rejects and despises suicide as cowardly. Life as he understands it means duty, elevation, conquest; life must be lofty and full, it must be lived for oneself but above all for others…”
“Fascism wants man to be active and to engage in action with all his energies; it wants him to be manfully aware of the difficulties besetting him and ready to face them. It conceives of life as a struggle in which it behooves a man to win for himself a really worthy place, first of all by fitting himself (physically, morally, intellectually) to become the implement required for winning it.”
A healthy nation needs the common man to be happy. It needs for him to experience marital bliss, to enjoy his work (however simple it may be). A life to be “lofty and full,” as Mussolini states.
When I look at the US today, I don’t feel that the globalist leaders want the same thing. I see a media that thrives on “order through chaos.” A society where the men are committing suicide and the women are on anti-depressants. A world where families are indebting themselves to buy the next technological gadget. A world of materialistic profit, devoid of spiritual direction.
Criticism of Mussolini
Of course, Mussolini will always be linked to Hitler—at least partly—because of Italy’s alliance to Germany at the start of World War 2. That fact is true. However, it should be noted that many nations worked with Germany prior to the second World War—the Munich Agreement (where Czechoslovakia was conceded to Germany) being but one example. Secondly, most people were not made aware of concentration camps until after the war. So there is no way that Mussolini would have known about this plan.
Another criticism of Mussolini stems from Italy’s invasion of Ethiopia in 1935. This incident is often painted as a hostile invasion without provocation. However, history shows us that Mussolini was responding to an attack at the Wal-Wal Oasis in Somalia where 200 Italian soldiers were killed by Ethiopian forces. Mussolini was adamant that Ethiopia should pay for the incident. One can argue that Italy was still in the wrong to invade Ethiopia. That might be true; however, it was not an invasion without causes. To ignore these contributing factors is to conceal the truth.
Also, it is a little known fact that Mussolini abolished slavery in Ethiopia. It issued two laws in 1935 and 1936 that ended the practice, freeing close to 420,000 slaves. If he was so evil, then why would he have done this?
In short, I highly recommend The Doctrine of Fascism. If you are a history buff, how can you avoid it? World War 2 was arguably the biggest event of the 20th century, and Benito Mussolini was a central figure in that event.
This book should be mandatory for people who seek the truth.